Comparison between the performances of amperometric immunosensors for cholera antitoxin based on three enzyme markers Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We developed a novel copolymer modified amperometric immunosensor for the detection of cholera antitoxin (anti-CT), by the electropolymerization of pyrrole–biotin and pyrrole–lactitobionamide monomers on platinum or glassy carbon electrodes. In the detection of cholera antitoxin we have used three enzymatic marker detection systems based on HRP-labeled rabbit IgG antibodies, biotinylated polyphenol-oxidase (PPO-B) and biotinylated glucose-oxidase (GOX-B). The comparison of the electro-enzymatic performances of these three configurations with different substrates, clearly shows that the more sensitive amperometric immunosensor was based on HRP with a lower limit of detection of 50 ng/ml anti-CT using hydroquinone/H 2 O 2 system. The response time for this substrate was in range of 5–30 s. The HRP-amperometric immunosensor has thus proven to be a very sensitive tool to monitor nanomolar concentrations of anti-CT.

publication date

  • January 1, 2005