Forecasting the magnitude and onset of El Niño based on climate network Academic Article uri icon


  • El Nino is probably the most influential climate phenomenon on interannual time scales. It affects the global climate system and is associated with natural disasters and serious consequences in many aspects of human life. However, the forecasting of the onset and in particular the magnitude of El Nino are still not accurate, at least more than half a year in advance. Here, we introduce a new forecasting index based on network links representing the similarity of low frequency temporal temperature anomaly variations between different sites in the El Nino 3.4 region. We find that significant upward trends and peaks in this index forecast with high accuracy both the onset and magnitude of El Nino approximately 1 year ahead. The forecasting procedure we developed improves in particular the prediction of the magnitude of El Nino and is validated based on several, up to more than a century long, datasets.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018