Daclizumab and its use in multiple sclerosis treatment. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Daclizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to the α-subunit (CD25) of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), thus blocking the formation of the high-affinity IL-2R which is expressed mainly on activated and regulatory T cells. IL-2R modulation by daclizumab results primarily in the expansion of regulatory CD56bright natural killer cells that are capable of killing activated T cells, rather than direct suppression of activated T cells. The pharmacokinetic profile of its currently available form, daclizumab high-yield process (DAC-HYP, Zinbryta), suggests high subcutaneous bioavailability, linear pharmacokinetics and an effective half-life suitable for monthly administration. A comprehensive clinical program in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis demonstrated an impressive effect of DAC-HYP on inflammatory and clinical disease activity compared with placebo or interferon beta, which led to its recent approval for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Several serious adverse events and risks call for the implementation of a risk management program in multiple sclerosis patients treated with DAC-HYP.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017