- The most common sleep disorder in children is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The majority of children with OSAS improve following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A). T&A as an outpatient procedure in children is very common. Young age in considered risk factors for postoperative respiratory complications. The purpose of this study is to analyze our experience with postoperative T&A complications in patients younger than 2 years of age. A total of 39 T&A were performed in children younger than 2 years of age. OSAS diagnosis was confirmed by overnight polysomnography (PSG). All the patients were hospitalized and monitored by overnight pulse oximetry monitoring. Post-operatively there was marked improvement in respiratory function in all the patients comparing pre- and post-operative nadir oxygen saturation (P<0.05). Complications were documented in seven patients (20%). Five of the complications occurred in children older than 1 year of age. Bleeding occurred in two patients (5.7%). Three patients (8.6%) had dehydration, one patient (2.9%) had hypercarbia and one patient had laryngospasm. In this study there was a low incidence of peri- and post- operative respiratory complications in children younger than 2 years of age who undergo T&A for OSAS. Identification of OSAS severity may be an important factor in determining the risk of T&A in a young child.