Stimulation of endometrial cancer cell growth by tamoxifen is associated with increased insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I induced tyrosine phosphorylation and reduction in IGF binding proteins. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A significant increase in endometrial cancer incidence in tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients has been reported in many recent studies. The major growth stimulators of endometrial tumors are estrogens, but paradoxically, tamoxifen, a known antiestrogen, also stimulates their growth. The mode of action of estrogen can be partially explained by the modulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) autocrine or paracrine action. The purpose of the present study was to examine the involvement of the IGF system in the tamoxifen-stimulated growth of Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells by quantitating the IGF-I receptors and their phosphorylation, as well as membrane associated and secreted IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). Tamoxifen did not affect the number or affinity of IGF-I receptors. On the other hand, tamoxifen, similar to estradiol, increased IGF-I-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular substrates. In contrast, in MCF-7 mammary cancer cells, tamoxifen reduced IGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation i...

publication date

  • January 1, 1996