Electronic and optical properties of GaN/AlN quantum dots on Si(111) subject to in-plane uniaxial stresses and variable excitation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 20-30 kbar. Limited regions of uniaxial stress were obtained by exploiting naturally occurring microcracks that form during the postgrowth cooling. These microcracks act as stressors in order to create the highly localized regions of uniaxial stress. The local strain tensors for such QDs, which are subject to an interfacial stress perturbation, have been determined by modeling the dependence of the QD excitonic transition energy on the interfacial stress. Cathodoluminescence CL measurements of the excitonic transitions exhibit an in-plane linear polarization anisotropy in close proximity to microcracks. The polarization anisotropy is strongly dependent on the sample temperature and the electron beam excitation conditions used to excite the QD ensemble. Localized CL spectroscopy of the QDs exhibits emissions from both the ground and excited states, whose relative contributions depend on the level of excitation and temperature. Experimental results indicate that the polarization anisotropy vanishes at high temperatures 300 K with an increasing excitation of the QDs, while the anisotropy decreases more slowly with excitation at low temperatures 60 K. A theoretical modeling of the effect of carrier filling on the polarization anisotropy and the excitonic transition energy was performed, as based on three-dimensional self-consistent solutions of the Schrodinger and Poisson equations using the 66 k·p and effective mass methods for calculations of the e-h wave functions and electron and hole quasi-Fermi levels for varying levels of state filling. We attribute carrier filling and a thermal excitation of holes into higher energy QD hole states during excitation to account for the observed gradual decrease in the polarization anisotropy with an increasing electron-hole pair excitation density at T=300 K. © 2010 American Institute of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3490199

publication date

  • January 1, 2010