Synthesis and Characterization of Pb@ GaS Core-Shell Fullerene-Like Nanoparticles and Nanotubes Academic Article uri icon


  • New types of core–shell nanoparticles are reported: Pb@ GaS fullerene-like and nanotubular structures, achieved via the continuously high reactor temperatures and ultra- hot strong-gradient annealing environments created by highly concentrated sunlight. Structural and chemical characterizations suggest a formation mechanism where vaporized Pb condenses into nanoparticles that are stabilized as they become covered by molten GaS, the ensuing crystallization of which creates the outer layers. Hollow-core GaS fullerene-like nanoparticles and nanotubes were also observed among the products, demonstrating that a single solar procedure can generate a variety of core–shell and hollow nanostructures. The proposed formation mechanisms can account for their relative abundance and the characterization data.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017

published in