Autospecies and Post-Myocardial Infarction Sera Enhance the Viability, Proliferation, and Maturation of 3D Cardiac Cell Culture Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The limited ability of cardiac muscle to regenerate after an extensive myocardial infarction (MI) and the scarcity of cardiac donors have fueled the field of cardiac tissue engineering as a potential therapeutic approach to enhance cardiac function in post-MI patients. We are exploring the ex vivo bioengineering of cardiac muscle tissue by seeding isolated cardiac cells within alginate scaffolds and supplementing the culture with "smart" media. The hypothesis investigated herein is that sera derived from autospecies and from post-MI animals contain agents that might induce cell proliferation, survival, and maturation in vitro. The results of the metabolic activity of the neonatal cardiac cell constructs (6.4–51×106 cells/cm3), as measured by MTT viability assay, indicated a significant advantage ( p < 0.05) to the constructs supplemented with serum from normal and post-MI adult rats compared to fetal calf serum (FCS) supplementation. H&E staining and α-sarcomeric actin immunofluorescence staining revealed...

publication date

  • January 1, 2006