Restoration of atmospherically blurred images according to weather-predicted atmospheric modulation transfer functions Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Restoration for actual atmospherically blurred images is per- formed using an atmospheric Wiener filter that corrects simultaneously for both turbulence and aerosol blur by enhancing the image spectrum primarily at those high frequencies least affected by the jitter or random- ness in a turbulence modulation transfer function (MTF). The correction is based on weather-predicted rather than measured atmospheric MTFs. Both turbulence and aerosol MTFs are predicted using meteorological parameters measured with standard weather stations at the time and location where the image was recorded. A variety of weather conditions and seasons are considered. Past results have shown good correlation between measured and predicted atmospheric MTFs. Here, the pre- dicted MTFs are implemented in actual image restoration and quantita- tive analysis of the MTF improvement is presented. Corrections are shown also for turbulence blur alone, for aerosol blur alone, and for both together. © 1997 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. (S0091-3286(97)01511-0)

publication date

  • January 1, 1997