Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in HIV infected patients in Israel since the introduction of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCV): Analysis of a nationwide... Academic Article uri icon


  • Study aim: to assess the incidence, risk factors and outcome of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) among the Israeli HIV population. A matched case-control study nested in a nationwide, prospective, population-based, cohort of adult IPD was performed. In addition, the HIV-IPD patients were compared to the general adult HIV population in Israel. Study period: from the introduction of PCV into the national immunization program (NIP) in July 2009 to June 2014. Each HIV patient within the IPD cohort was matched to 4 non-HIV controls. Serotyping was performed by a central laboratory using the Quellung reaction. Thirty-five IPD episodes in 33 HIV patients were identified, with a median annual incidence of 128/100,000 HIV+ persons compared to 5.1/100,000 in the age-matched, non-HIV population. Compared to the general HIV population, HIV-IPD patients practiced …

publication date

  • January 2, 2017