- A simple method for prompt fluorescent detection of inhibitors of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to the extracellular domain of the human luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin (hLH/CG) receptor was developed for high throughput screening (HTS). Construction and analysis of a recombinant phage that displays the extracellular binding domain of the hLH/CG receptor on its surface and specifically binds hCG was previously described. To facilitate the identification of molecules that disrupt the interaction of hCG with its receptor, a method for prompt fluorescent detection of these phage bound to hCG was developed. This technique is extremely sensitive and employs fluorescent labels (PBXL dyes) that are derived from red and blue-green algae. Antibodies labeled with PBXL dye were able to specifically detect phage that display the extracellular domain of the hLH/CG receptor when bound to hCG immobilized in 96-well microplates. Decreases in fluorescence correlate with the concentration of exogenous hCG or hCG antagonists in the assay. This prompt fluorescence detection assay was optimized in a 96-well format as a model system for HTS applications that target the receptors for the group of hormones known as the gonadotropins. Low-affinity molecules that disrupt binding of the phage-displayed receptor extracellular domain to hCG can be rapidly identified in this high throughput screen.