Atrial Fibrillation and Plasma Troponin I Elevation After Cardiac Surgery: Relation to Inflammation-Associated Parameters Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract  Background: Recent studies have demonstrated correlation between inflammation to plasma troponin (cTnI) levels elevation and atrial fibrillation (AF) in noncardiac surgery settings. The goal of this prospective study was to examine the relation between inflammation associated parameters (IAPs) to post cardiac surgery cTnI elevation and AF. Methods: A single post CABG cTnI measurement was assessed in 156 consecutive patients. Clinical, operative and postoperative data, IAPs (hypophosphatemia, preoperative statin treatment, immediate postoperative fever, and prolonged mechanical ventilation) and in‐hospital AF episodes were prospectively recorded. Results: Mean cTnI level was 14.4 ± 12.4 ng/mL. In the two in‐hospital deaths (1.2%) cTnI concentration was less than 12 ng/mL. Cardiac troponin‐I levels were significantly higher in patients not preoperatively treated with statins (21.6 ± 4.1 vs. 13.3 ± 0.9, p = 0.05), in patients who needed intraoperative cardioversion (16.7 ± 2.2 vs. 12.2 ± 0.9, p = 0.07), in patients with postoperative hypophosphatemia (16.9 ± 10.0 vs. 11.1 ± 13.7, p = 0.04), postoperative fever (18.6 ± 3.0 vs. 13.7 ± 1.0, p = 0.07) and postoperative respiratory complications (23.9 ± 4.3 vs. 13.5 ± 1.0, p = 0.04). Step‐wise logistic regression analysis revealed the following parameters as independently associated with elevated cTnI levels: preoperative statin treatment (CI 95%–15.9; –1.7, p = 0.02), intraoperative ventricular arrhythmia (CI 95%–0.7; 13.8, p = 0.08), hypophosphatemia (CI 95% 0.9; 8.6, p = 0.02), postoperative fever (CI 95% 0.9; 11.0, p = 0.02), and postoperative respiratory complications (CI 95% 0.1; 0.5, p = 0.01). Of the 156 patients, 50 (32.1%) had postoperative AF. The first episode of AF occurred between postoperative day 1 and 6 (mean—day 2). Mean duration of AF was 21.8 ± 8.1 hours. Postoperative AF was significantly associated with age above 75 (50% vs. 29.4%, p = 0.01), hypertension (37% vs. 18%, p = 0.02), preoperative calcium channel blockers treatment (44% vs. 26%, p = 0.02), furosamide treatment (58% vs. 30%, p = 0.05), and preoperative left atrial diameter above 40 mm (56% vs. 29%, p = 0.01). Postoperatively, AF was significantly associated with postoperative renal failure (70% vs. 29%, p = 0.01), respiratory complications (61% vs. 29%, p = 0.02), and prolonged hospital stay (OR 1.1; CI 1.0–1.3; p < 0.05). No association was found between troponin levels and postoperative AF. Multivariable analysis found only left atrial enlargement and prolonged hospital stay independently associated with AF. Conclusions: A significant correlation between clinical IAPs and cTnI plasma level elevation was found after cardiac surgery. There was no correlation between these parameters and postoperative AF, and there was no correlation between postoperative plasma cTnI levels and the occurrence of AF. Preoperative treatment with statins may be beneficial in reducing postoperative inflammatory response but further study has to be carried out.

publication date

  • March 2, 2007