- Glycogen storage disease type 1a (GSD 1a), an autosomal recessive disease, is caused by the inactivity of glucose-6-phosphatase, the gene of which has been recently cloned. We report on the missense mutation C-->T at nucleotide 326 of the G6Pase gene, causing the change of the Arg codon at position 83 into a Cys codon, as the single mutation detected in six Jewish patients. This finding suggests that this mutation might be prevalent among the Jewish population. A new missense mutation T-->G at nucleotide 576 resulting in V166G was found in an Arab Muslim patient. These families may benefit now from pre- and postnatal diagnosis by analysis of DNA from blood and amniotic fluid or chorionic villus cells rather than liver biopsy. No mutations in the G6Pase gene were detected in two GSD 1b patients.