The Relationship of Childhood Emotional Abuse and Neglect to Depressive Vulnerability and Low Self-Efficacy Academic Article uri icon


  • We examined associations between self-reported childhood maltreatment and depressive risk (sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism), and resilience (self-efficacy). Students (N = 203) reported childhood emotional abuse (CEA), emotional neglect (CEN), psychological distress, cognitive Vulnerability, and resilience. CEA and CEN constitute separate predictors for cognitive risk and resilience, respectively: CEA was related to heightened depressive vulnerability and CEN was related to lower levels of resilience. The presence of negative parent-child interactions might contribute to the development of rigid and dysfunctional negative self-schemas, whereas the lack of positive parent-child interactions might prevent the construction of positive beliefs about the self and thus the formation of psychological resilience (or positive self-schemas).

publication date

  • January 1, 2008