- Children with special needs have medical, educational, social and emotional needs which are significantly greater than the average needs of their healthy peers. They and their families have to struggle with the physical, economical and emotional burden imposed on them by their special needs. The role of primary physicians is to lead a team that is capable of diagnosing, treating and coordinating treatment and support for the child and the family. Case management and anticipatory guidance are the cornerstone of the art of dealing with children who have special needs. Primary community physicians are expected to conduct a survey in order to identify the children with special needs in the community and to prepare an intervention plan for each of them. Early detection and proper management of the problems are expected to help these children to maximize their potential and integration in society.