- The sixth international systemic lupus erythematosus conference took place in Barcelona, Spain, and was organized by Munther Kamashta. More than 400 abstracts were presented at the meeting and were published in a special issue of Lupus . Several centers presented their experience with old therapeutic modalities for SLE including cyclophosphamide, anti-malarial agents, steroids, methotrexate and others. New therapeutic modalities are shown in Table 1. The role of high dose cyclophosphamide, stem cells transplantation and new biologic agents was also reported. We summarize the presentations that focused on both the traditional and new therapeutic modalities of SLE.