Islam and the individual with intellectual disability Academic Article uri icon


  • As a religion, Islam makes a distinction between people with intellectual disability (ID) and those with mental disorder, but both are found legally incompetent in the Koran and the Hadith. According to Islam, society is obliged to assess, assist and respect people with ID, and give them equal life opportunities. Mohamed, the Prophet, acknowledged the importance of child welfare, education, well-being and support of children other than your own as an expression of Islamic compassion. Islam recognizes the rights of the individual with special needs to receive help and assistance. As God tells us in the Koran: ‘And in their wealth there is acknowledged right for the needy and the destitute’ ( : ). In Islamic tradition, it has been stated that the best therapy is that which is directed towards the enhancement of the well being of the person, and her or his psyche and spirit to enable him to fight illness. The environment should be beautiful, filled with music, and surrounded by people whom she or he likes. The present paper describe the Islamic tradition, and how it deals with and looks upon people with intellectual disability.

publication date

  • January 1, 2000