Percolation framework to describe El Ni\~no conditions Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Complex networks have been used intensively to investigate the flow and dynamics of many natural systems including the climate system. Here, we develop a percolation based measure, the order parameter, to study and quantify climate networks. We find that abrupt transitions of the order parameter usually occur $\sim$1 year before El Ni\~{n}o ~ events, suggesting that they can be used as early warning precursors of El Ni\~{n}o. Using this method we analyze several reanalysis datasets and show the potential for good forecasting of El Ni\~{n}o. The percolation based order parameter exhibits discontinuous features, indicating possible relation to the first order phase transition mechanism.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017