Spontaneous Assembly of Extremely Long, Horizontally-Aligned, Conductive Gold Micro-Wires in a Langmuir Monolayer Template Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • “Bottom-up” technologies are based upon the premise that organized systems – from the nano-scale up to the macro-scale – can be assembled spontaneously from basic building blocks in solution. We demonstrate a simple strategy for the generation of extremely long (up to several centi­meters), horizontally-aligned gold micro-wires, produced through a surfactant monolayer template deposited from gold thiocyanate [Au(SCN)4−] aqueous solution. Specifically, we show that the surfactant, octyl-maleimide (OM), spontaneously forms oriented micro-wires at the air/water interface, which constitute a template for deposition of metallic gold through binding and crystallization of the soluble gold complex. The Au micro-wires can be subsequently transferred onto solid substrates, and following plasma treatment and gold enhancement exhibit excellent conductivity even at electrode spacings of several centimeters. Importantly, the micro-wire alignment determines the direction of electrical current, demonstrating that long-range ordering of the micro-wires can be accomplished, significantly affecting the physical properties of the system. The new approach is simple, robust, and can be readily exploited for bottom-up fabrication of micro-wire assemblies and transparent conductive electrodes.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014