Ungulates of Makhtesh Ramon: Dynamics, behavior, and their conservation implications Academic Article uri icon


  • As in most of the Middle East, the large herbivores of the Negev desert were heavily prosecuted during the 19th and early 20th century, and by 1950 all ungulates inhabiting the region were either extinct or on the verge of extinction. Amongst the four ungulates species inhabiting the Negev highlands in the recent past, two, the Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus, Plate 11.1 a) and the Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx, Plate 11.1 b), were extirpated during the 19th century and two, the Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana, Plate 11.1 c) and dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas, Plate 11. Id), were on the verge of becoming locally extinct. With the legislation and enforcement of the" Nature Reserves" and" Wildlife Protection" laws in Israel in the 1950's, the conditions were established for the recovery of the Nubian ibex and dorcas gazelle and the reintroduction of the Asiatic wild ass and the Arabian oryx. By the end of …

publication date

  • January 1, 2001