Plasma protein Z concentrations in pregnant women with idiopathic intrauterine bleeding and in women with spontaneous preterm labor Academic Article uri icon


  • Objectives. Preterm parturition has been associated with decidual vascular disorders and excessive thrombin generation. The objective of this study was to examine maternal plasma concentrations of protein Z in normal pregnancies, as well as in those presenting with spontaneous preterm labor (PTL) and intrauterine bleeding during pregnancy.Study design. A cross-sectional study was designed to include patients with preterm labor and intact membranes and those with idiopathic intrauterine bleeding during pregnancy. Protein Z plasma concentrations were measured in the following groups: (1) normal pregnant women (n = 71); (2) patients at term with (n = 67) and without labor (n = 88); (3) patients with spontaneous PTL before 34 weeks who were classified into: (a) PTL with intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI; n = 35), (b) PTL without IAI (n = 54), and (c) patients with PTL who delivered at term (n = 49); and (4) patients with idiopathic intrauterine bleeding in the second and third trimester who were divi...

publication date

  • January 1, 2007