Paired-pulse facilitation of IPSCs in slices of immature and mature mouse somatosensory neocortex. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 1. Whole cell recordings from layer V neurons of mouse somatosensory cortex were made with the use of a "blind" patch-clamp technique. In slices from immature [postnatal days 6 to 11 (P6-P11)] and juvenile (P18-P21) animals, inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) were evoked in all cells by extracellular stimulation at the layer V-VI border. Monosynaptic IPSCs, with latency < 2 ms, were isolated pharmacologically by blockade of ionotropic glutamatergic transmission. IPSCs were blocked by bicuculline methiodide and reversed near the predicted equilibrium potential for Cl-. 2. IPSC characteristics were not different for the two age groups. At 1.5-2 times threshold intensity (0.2 Hz), they fluctuated in amplitude with occasional failures. At -70 or -80 mV, mean amplitudes were -202 +/- 20 (SE) pA and -207 +/- 32 pA for immature (39 cells) and juvenile (13 cells) cortex, respectively. Half rise times were 0.74 +/- 0.03 ms (n = 7 cells) in neonates and 0.67 +/- 0.04 ms (n = 7 cells) in juveniles. Decays were biexponential with tau 1 = 14.8 +/- 1.3 ms and tau 2 = 59.0 +/- 7.4 ms (n = 7 cells) in neonates, and tau 1 = 11.9 +/- 1.1 ms and tau 2 = 55.5 +/- 4.2 ms (n = 7 cells) in juveniles. 3. Pairs of stimuli elicited paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) when delivered at brief interstimulus intervals (ISI), and paired-pulse depression (PPD) at long ISI. PPF, which was evident in 64% of immature cells and 38% of juvenile cells, was maximal (38 +/- 4% greater than the conditioning response) at 20-40 ms. PPD, which was evident in 82% of immature cells and 87% of juvenile cells, was maximal (29 +/- 2% smaller than the conditioning response) by 300 ms. In each age group, some animals showed PPF without PPD.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • June 1, 1995