Depression and Somatic Symptoms Among Two Ethnic Groups in Israel: Testing Three Theoretical Models. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study examined three theoretical models of the relationship between depressive symptoms and somatic complaints among Bedouin Arab and Jewish college/university students in Israel. The functional model suggests that somatic complaints may precede depressive symptoms; the affect-dysregulation model suggests that depressive symptoms may precede somatic complaints; and the sociocultural model suggests that depressive symptoms are strongly linked to somatic complaints mainly in Western cultural contexts. One hundred and ninety individuals participated in the study, including 89 Bedouin Arab students and 101 Jewish students. Two assessment waves, one year apart, were employed. Participants completed measures regarding depression, somatic complaints and demographics. Bedouin Arabs reported higher levels of both depression (Time 1 and …

publication date

  • January 1, 2017